Extreme weather events and slow-onset disasters have become more frequent, intense and complex. Disasters are exacerbated by a number of underlying factors including poverty and inequality, climate change and variability, unplanned and rapid urbanization, poor land management and demographic changes, weak institutional arrangements, and non-risk-informed policies. This is expected to produce worse medium/long-term economic, social, health, cultural and environmental impacts especially at local and community levels. ActionAid works to ensure that all stakeholders including government institutions, local communities, civil society organizations, the private sector, the academia and scientific and research institutions are involved in the different phases of the risk cycle: Prevention, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery. Prevention and Preparedness Understanding disaster risk in all its dimensions of vulnerability, capacity, exposure is central to ensure that disaster preparedness and contingency policies, plans and programmes are informed and updated. ActionAid works with national and local institutions to improve the disaster risk governance system through research and participatory vulnerability assessments to develop and disseminate updated location-based disaster risk information to decision makers, the general public and affected communities. Response and Recovery Disaster response consists mainly in the provision of immediate emergency assistance to the affected population. When the emergency situation is under control, recovery activities aim at ensuring that all systems return to normal or better. ActionAid supports disaster affected communities during the reconstruction process to ensure that they are involved in the identification of the needs and implementation of proposed interventions to address them.